Monthly Archives: October 2015

Reservations Part II – Who is Hardik?


Who is Hardik?

Who is Hardik Patel? Is he an ailment caused by an accident in the body politic or a symptom of a future, systemic and chronic malaise? One out to eat into the roots of a nation inching towards the most prosperous emerging market, with the richest Hindu culture that has the potential to lead a troubled world towards peace and prosperity?

For this, we need to read about the background of the overtly flamboyant youth with covert nefarious designs. Few knew or heard about him two months before. But, rich groups of people, might be from outside his own community also:

1) Foreign funded NGOs who are facing heat from probe agencies on money laundering and Hawala transactions, their local conduits who were charged with misusing these funds on wine and luxuries and now are spending funds on the costliest Advocates that charge by the minute and get bails by the hour. 2) Rudderless and leaderless political parties that are facing heat of probes for corruption and large scale embezzlement. 3) Small regional parties that have banked upon caste equations and illiterate masses of the so called oppressed groups, overtly secular and 4) Covertly communal foreign citizens holding Indian Passports that visit India once in a blue moon, rouse passions in interviews to Journos that enjoyed unhindered power through the back door under a corrupt dispensation earlier and vanish in thin air, once their job is done.

All of them tried to give Hardik a larger than life image. All these have an agenda of their own to destabilise a peaceful nation under a strong leadership for the first time since Independence. These might be the people behind the sudden rise of an immature youth, who was an average student, a small entrepreneur in a small town of Gujarat, and whose single point agenda seemed to be Modi- bashing, using reservations as a stick to beat him with. The ostensible reason behind may be the upcoming Bihar elections, that the pseudo-secular opportunist leaders of disoriented parties that came together to stop the juggernaut of Narendra Modi.

The sudden declaration of support to the guy, who seemed torn between his multiple personality syndrome, like Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, a la Arvind Kejriwal, by the two socialist Messiahs of Mandal politics is not only surprising but shocking. How can they reconcile to the irreconcilable position taken by this guy that “Reservation for all or none” (Interview given to Hindustan Times, published on 28th August, 2015)? Will they cancel reservations to the SCs/STs/OBCs, few of whom are richer and more educated than the so called forward groups or will they push India to a 100% reserved Nation? We already earned a bad reputation of a nation on discount, thanks to the misrule of wolves and wolverines aided by the foxy pseudo secular Media, self-serving pseudo intellectuals and ever-budding new parties with narrow caste and religious agenda. Is the word “SECULAR” in the preamble of the constitution (and inserted by Indira Gandhi ) that these guys never fail to brandish, just a farce or joke played on the nation’s intelligence?

Were this not the case, could a Lalu, a Nitish, a Sonia or Pawar convince the well nurtured and nourished caste and religion based vote banks that a Hardik Patel who suddenly rose to fame overnight and suddenly turned a nightmare to both the reported upper and so called lower castes can ensure a classless society by totally abolishing caste based reservations? If they say, upper castes too should get equal opportunity in the society, where reservations have come to stay perennially, they will create unrest in the already privileged classes and vice versa. Will it not amount to self-deceit and imminent self-defeat and imminent political suicide of these parties? Did they not realise the immense potential of damage such unstable guys like Arvind Kejriwal and Hardik Patel can cause to the body politic? Should they sell themselves like peanuts in the political market, where sharks ruled the roost and now lions are bringing a semblance of order? Do they want to hunt for votes on their inherent strength or do they want to depend on the leftover meat by blood thirsty tigers, with ultra ideology and instability in thoughts and actions? Is it befitting for a ten year old Chief Minister, boasting about development, to first align with convict Lalu and corrupt Congress and then seek support from damaging personae like the Kejriwals and the Hardiks?

Nitish should think twice. He is facing imminent defeat, for sure, and Lalu will ensure it and Congress is not sure of itself. He should graciously leave and remain in the good books of the few voters who voted for him all these years. He should not destabilise the state simply because it did not vote him back to power nor should he tarnish his personal image by aligning with each Tom, Dick and Harry. Let him rid the viruses that are afflicting his mind and the body politic in Bihar.

Coming back to Hardik, he rose to fame suddenly.  The Gujarat Government is probing as to who prodded and funded him. Who created the violence that fateful day? The Government of Gujarat has taken pro-active step of helping EBCs among OCs by increasing the scholarships etc., But one thing is certain. This Hardik is not an individual but a phenomenon afflicted by the virus of greed and jealousy a la AK and NK. His interviews to various Channels and News Papers prove one point. He has no agenda but Modi- bashing. It is the same as AK and NK and Rahul.

Reservations is just a mask. There has been resentment in many states on the part of OCs, there were agitations led by strong caste leaders, there was violence in many states on this issue, but never before any individual or organization received so much publicity, support, empathy and sympathy as this misguided guy got. Be it Media, political parties or pseudo intellectuals, all have joined on one platform calling for affirmative action. Where were these guys all this time? As they were enjoying patronage of pseudo secular governments, they kept mum . Modi’s takeover of the reins destabilised these groups so much that, they are paranoid about their survival. Efforts were made to drive a wedge between ministers and Modi, between senior leaders and Modi, and between minorities /dalits and Modi. Faked Church attacks were symbolic of the rot these guys planned in the long run.

Hardik is only an outward wound on the Indian polity; the virus is somewhere else. He praised Raj Thackeray, who attacked Gujaratis in Maharashtra, in a no-holds-barred diatribe. He said Chandrababu was a Patel, not knowing that Patel system was not prevalent in Coastal belt or Rayalaseema, but it was there in Telangana. He said Nitish was a Patel. How can he be, as he claims to be backward community leader? He praised Kejriwal, seeing what none knows, except his coughing. He says, “Either enslave everyone under reservation or free everyone” What did he mean? That all those enjoying reservations are slaves of the system? What happened to the intellectuals from the oppressed communities, who shout from rooftops at the drop of a hat, if a lower level functionary of BJP says the same? Is it not an attack on the solemn Constitution of India that granted reservations? Let BJP take this to the grassroots and roots of many parties will be buried deep under the earth, with no scope of sprouting again. In Gujarat, the process of alienating the fringe elements sharing common platform to this dis-spirited guy has started with education of masses on the long term implications of his sudden love for all sections in society except Modi.

He praises Sardar Vallabhai Patel, Balasaheb Thackeray, and Raj Thackeray in the same breath. What is his political acumen unless he is guided in each step by interested groups? He left out Subhas Chandra Bose; Netaji’s Soul must be happy.

He asks to stop supply of milk and vegetables to city markets. What a moronic idea from a youth who professes that he is a “know all” and Media projects him as messenger of Gods to save upper castes? If not supplied to city markets, will the rural economy not collapse? Who will compensate them?

And during the rest of the interview, he concentrates on Modi abuse. While abusing Modi he parrots the exact language of Rahul on the same issues.

1. On Pak, he says ceasefire violations have increased under Modi. (His knowledge, like Rahul’s, is limited. Now, government is more transparent and no files go missing, no information is hidden behind a veil. True RTI has come here to stay).

2. He says PM wears a suit. Which PM did not wear a suit? All Gandhian PMs wore suits. Rahul too wears it.

3. He says CM has no power. Gujarat is one state which the PM left to mend for itself and till now, no complaint came on the inability of the CM. She does not fly to Delhi every other day, as Congress CMs have been used to.

4. He wants to kill all terrorists caught immediately. But it was Kejriwal who has supported terrorists’ point that they should not be hanged. He praised AK! Hypocrisy within days of public career?

Rahul’s script from Hardik? Did he read the newspaper or hold the script paper in hand? Time will tell. He says he is ready for violent means to achieve his goal. Only two days earlier he has declared that he will quit the leadership if violence is perpetuated? What ails his mind? Who is triggering the flow of endless thoughts in this guy? A test for Government to tap the virus and kill it before it spreads!

In an interview with Zee News, he is said to have laughed away a question about his photo on SM with Togadia, but when asked about his photos with Kejriwal he got furious and indulged in the worst diatribe on the guys who circulated the photos? Where lies the connection? Where is the Bacteria? Dr. Swamy predicted long back that AAP was a offshoot of ultra leftist groups. In addition, there were strong rumours that the main funding of the party came from a certain “Foundation” that had been placed on watch list by the Modi Government. Where does this all lead to? Hope Gujarat and Central Governments initiate an urgent probe and book culprits at an early stage, before the malaise spreads.

In the immediate context, the decision of Gujarat government to isolate Hardik through public campaign is the most welcome move, as forces behind him seem to be strong and sinister.

In a nut shell: it is not about caste based reservation, reverse discrimination, affirmative action, a Hardik here and a Arvind there, but a larger plot by sinister groups out to destabilise a stable and peaceful nation under the new dispensation, where people started to feel a sense of belonging as in pre-Independence days. It is a grandiose plan to escape the noose for all the misdeeds the earlier rulers perpetrated keeping masses uninformed. The launching of Digital India by the Government might be the last straw on the backs of these disruptive elements as dissemination of information even to remotest corners of the nation will be fast and authentic as it flows through the transparent administration and not the crawling and boot-licking private media houses.

It is high time the Government is allowed its duty. Judge after five years. There lies the catch. If they wait five years, their very survival may be at stake! Or did the Senior Citizens of the country ever see so many disruptions in civic life by opposition parties during the first year of office by a new government? Ultra motives are apparent and Hardik is but a pawn in the hands of wily politicos and the sooner he realises this the better. By comparing himself to a Bhagat Singh, he can not become a hero overnight. They were committed nationalists. If he does this, he will land in the lap of Chetan Bhagat, at the most. His language is partly inherited from the fiction writer!







This article originally appeared on Chandramohan Rao garu’s Critically Speaking blog as :  IT  IS MODI ALL THE WAY PART 11- RESERVATIONS PART 2 – WHO IS HARDIK AND WHO ARE FORCES BEHIND?

Disclaimer: This article represents the opinions of the Author, and should not be considered a reflection of the views of the Andhra Cultural Portal. The Author is responsible for ensuring the factual veracity of the content, herein.

Reservations Part I – Introduction


Discussion on caste based reservations is not new to India! Nor are frequent agitations by powerful caste groups led or fed by powerful politicians entrenched in seats of power and brim with blood money stacked in Benami Accounts. “Keep the pot boiling”, is their motto, when it is already burning with the fires stoked by the Britishers, who, wherever they went, saw everything wrong with the culture and way of life there. So, as long as the pseudo secular groups, powerful Media groups who want their share of the pie in the powerful power circles, pseudo intellectuals under the garb of NGOs financed and prodded by interested religious groups abroad, India will face this controversy.

1.Politicians who do not want to see the populace educated and emancipated and individuals with bipolar mentality or split personality syndromes, rule the roost. They added coals from under the cauldron, by either prodding or provoking the suppressed groups and adding coals from under, and none saw the the need for “affirmative action” on the issue. But when “a backward of the backward” (i.e. Shri Narendra Modi ji) occupies the seat of power and proved to be a tough nut to crack and who, instead of stoking fires from under, started cooling tempers by all-inclusive policies, these motivated groups started getting frustrated.

This individual, a living legend, who, by his call of Sab Ka Saath, Sab Ka Vikas, made forays into hitherto untouched issues, educated illiterate masses by his drive of “clean India”, gave a sense of alignment instead of alienation from mainstream of hitherto 2. suppressed groups, included them financially by making banking accessible, thought of long term social security instead/short term freebies. He made women part of the larger scheme by his Beti Padhao, Beti Bachao call, is making all out efforts through Make in India and Skill Development Schemes, to involve and impart skills to the hitherto neglected youth segment. He won accolades from World Leaders through his call for investing in India (a human resource pool), attracting FDIs and FIIs to India as the most successful emerging economy, and is taking many pro-active and positive initiatives to make us self-reliant . The rulers who hitherto united themselves to rule and divided the nation to ruin the foundations, got frustrated.

So, to keep the cauldron boiling, they started with negative campaign against the leader on fringe issues like Ghar Vaapsi, Love Jihad, Moral policing, suit-boot Prime Minister, outgoing Prime Minister etc. However, these failed to cut ice with voters and BJP started making huge inroads into the hitherto untested areas like Assam, North East, Kerala, West Bengal etc., and where it has no immediate plans of ambitiously growing like AP, TN, Odisha etc., India’s leader took the locally strong and amiable leaders into confidence and pitched for a powerful Federal India.

Where India’s leader did not want to disturb the apple cart of locally acceptable adversaries like the CM of Tripura, he extended an arm of friendship. This led to a hitherto uncharted script of 3. New India that  is slowly moving towards Unity in Diversity after a very long gap from the days of Akhand Bharat ruled by King Bharata. The inaudible noises became shriller by the day with Congress trying hard to wash its sins of corruption, political debauchery worse than the oldest profession, crimes against humanity by snatching food from the plates of the poor and rich alike, and building huge black economy that ate into the very roots of a phenomenon called India.

They did so by trying to pitch the PM beside them with allegations of going soft on the corrupt, on the criminals, mocking him of being only a CM, with no diplomatic knowledge etc.  Ironically, their leader who misled the nation for a decade was a head-nodding bureaucrat with no self-respect, the proxy leader was a semi-educated alien with no love for India, and their projected leader is a bachelor of questionable competence, with no experience even as Junior Minister, leave alone, CM. But the noises made no impact and BJP won thumbs down in States ruled by leaders whom Congress wanted to project as corrupt and in a state ruled by themselves. So, India’s leader is growing stronger by the day, (like a Banyan tree?) afraid that they can not grow under his pro-active rule that is giving shelter to all who needed it. With the trunk firmly entrenched in the soil of Akhand Bharat and its roots expanding fast, there was a need to cut the tree trunk for themselves to grow.

Definitive indicators of the coming together of disruptive elements came when the Patiarch of BJP, and Octogenarian, leader LK Advani, 4. warning of an emergency-like situation not impossible in India and Media usually distorting his statement. The second indication was an article published in a leading Newspaper that disgruntled groups, political parties and NGOs (creating a coup like environment?) by systematic violent movements to destabilize India and bring back anarchy. The tacit support to and foreign funding of AAP, and the self-declared anarchist winning an Union Territory with support of the leaders of the disruptors of India growth, are emblematic of how the Indian National Congress is nothing but the Indian version of the East India Company.

“Swallow wealth of the nation, throw crumbs to the poor, develop the nation but keep it poor, illiterate and subverting their interests perennially” is the motto of both East India Company and Congress. Loot the wealth, enjoy the fruits and transfer the loot abroad and use it whenever their existence is under threat, is their ruling principle. So, when a strong leader emerged from nowhere and nation started breathing easy, these disruptive forces led by videshi NGOs and their stooges here, facing long term incarceration sooner or later for indulging in anti-national activities, started feeling the heat of the cauldron that they hitherto kept hot. But the fires at the bottom of the cauldron started abating with the lower strata seeing light at the end of the tunnel with pro-active and good governance. So the cauldron started losing steam. There is further use of stoking fires at the bottom, so, the only other available option is to pile up burning coals on the top of the lid of the cauldron.

The result is instigating the hitherto neglected upper or forward castes, who were strong supporters of BJP, while simultaneously trying to re-light the fires at the bottom. The resultant effect is the birth of a Hardik Patel, who shot to fame overnight, supported by the neocolonial Media, with funding from unknown sources. Or we see no reason why Media house after Media house interviews the split personality and report it as headlines. Editorials suddenly appear in leading news papers about need for “affirmative action”, that they never cared to mention when Mandal Politics ruled the roost for two and half decades. It is more shocking that the Mandal champions Lalu, Nitish, Anarchist AK, Congress coming together to pitch for “Either scrap reservations or include all” call by the mostly average intellectual Hardik.

If all are included under reservations it becomes preservation of the erstwhile oppression which these Mandal parties played for so many years with not an iota of protest from the foreign funded NGOs or Media. So, it is not love of upper castes that is driving these extinct species, fast falling into an abyss they dug for decades, but a specious and cruel agenda of these forces. Create wars among communities, stoke fires, indulge in arson and violence and reignite the passions of partition in 1947, when British left India in embers. So, this guy is funded and 6. guided to stoke fire among strong communities or leaders in each state by bringing Nitish, Naidu, Raj Thackeray etc. into picture. We have to see what new names he brings in future. Lalu pitched in, still thinking that his base in the backward castes (who is more backward today than the forward?) is intact, extending for upper caste reservation to create another vote bank. The resultant effect is Congress warning of a violent agitation in Maharashtra, Shiva Sena joining the chorus preaching non-violence (?) Gujjars and Jats threatening revival of the agitation with violence, etc. We have to wait and see how many more “idle” political groups join the chorus.

But, with specific intelligence outputs about the nefarious activities of parties facing extinction like Congress, JDU, SP, BSP, etc., and AAP falling under its own weight, Gujarat Government read the “Riot Act” and brought the state almost back to normalcy within a day. This divided the powerful Patel Community vertically with moderate majority and violent minority on each side. None wants violence perpetrated and future of posterity bartered to self serving and anarchist leaders. A stone is enough to break a glass house. Men, who speak anti-national language must be given long rope before they make a suicidal statement that sends them scurrying for shelter from the long arm of law. (Now, this happened in Gujarat with Hardik) . After all, Hitler ended his life and Napolean met Waterloo. Indira died for sporting a Bhindranwale and Rajiv for sporting an oppressive state machinery in a foreign land. Sanjay met tragic death and the family that ruled and encouraged violence is paranoid about the Frankenstein Monster they created.

Short-lived were agitations that revolve around an emotive issue like a seasonal rainbow and long-lived welfare governments took the populace with them, with a pro-active approach on all issues concerning the Citizens. Media is, in one way helping by projecting this too-hot-to-handle youth, with riot-like intents, by projecting him as a hero. Even, Gandhi had to call off many agitations, when fringe elements resorted to violence ignoring his call. Congress, as a national party, should not join the bandwagon “Jai Hardik” sloganeering. If they have sources, resources, guts and gumption, they should take on the great Statesman Modi with a positive agenda, or it is end of the road for them and all the psychopaths they are supporting.

This article originally appeared on Chandramohan Rao garu’s Critically Speaking blog as :     IT IS MODI ALL THE WAY PART 11-RESERVATIONS-PART 1 INTRODUCTION.

Disclaimer: This article represents the opinions of the Author, and should not be considered a reflection of the views of the Andhra Cultural Portal. The Author is responsible for ensuring the factual veracity of the content, herein.

[Guest Post] Amaravati: An Andhra’s Tryst with Destiny

The following Post was composed by Anil Prongs. You can follow him here on Twitter.


Oct 22nd 2015, an historic day when the whole world witnessed the ground breaking ceremony of the youngest city in India and the capital city of Andhra Pradesh. The event was graced by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, delegates from various countries, industrialists, film personalities, and most importantly the chief minister of the neighboring state who was a star attraction of the event.

The bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh has inflicted deep wounds in the hearts of the people of seemandhra region (the present state of Andhra Pradesh). A hasty decision had left the state with a revenue deficit, with a higher proportion of debt, and without a capital. There was a sense of despair among the people of the state. The location of the capital was a major bone of contention as people of every region were demanding that the capital to be located in their respective regions. Bringing down the speculations the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, Shri N. Chandrababu Naidu, has announced that the location of the capital will be between the cities of Guntur and Vijayawada. The name of the new capital city was anointed as “Amaravati”.

The city of Amaravati had a glorious history and was the capital of Satavahana emperors who ruled from 2nd century BCE to 3rd century CE. It was a center of Buddhism under the reign of Ashoka, and the famous stupa of Buddha signifies the presence of presence of Buddhist culture. Moreover, the city is legendary for its beautiful sculpture.

File:Amaravati Stupa relief at Museum.jpg

Imagine a city with a well planned infrastructure, modern skyscrapers, and pollution free environemnt with integrated traffic system, connected by a water grid system and well planned sanitation system. The future city will have all these technologies in other words a perfect fit for a ‘Smart City’. The main attraction of this city is the river front facing the Krishna river and first in the country’s water taxiways which we only see them in cities like Venice and Bangkok. The government has even proposed economic corridors around the city which brings economic prosperity to the state.

Constructing such a city requires large tracts of land to be acquired which involves a tedious task of convincing the land owners, legal hurdles , a hefty compensation, and sometimes even violence. But the government of Andhra Pradesh has made the impossible possible by introducing the “land pooling system”. Under land pooling systems, landowners voluntarily sign ownership rights over to a single agency or government body. This agency develops the land by building roads and laying sewage lines and electricity connections. Once this is done, it returns a smaller portion of the land to the original owners. But since the plot now has more amenities, its price has probably risen to match the market value of the owners’ original landholding. With this revolutionary scheme the government has successfully acquired 33000 acres without any hurdles and every citizen of AP must be indebted to these land owners who given lands for the capital. One more encouraging aspect is that Singapore has come forward to design the master plan.

Without people’s involvement, no great cause is successful. People of AP are at the forefront in this cause. The people of AP have actively donated for My brick – My Amaravati,an online donation scheme to donate bricks for the capital, and it received a huge response from a wide section of people. Even NRIs actively donated for this scheme.

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What’s more, the “Mana Matti – Mana Amaravati” scheme where mud is collected from every district and sprinkled at the construction site has received a great response. Thus, one can proudly say Amaravati is a “People’s capital”.

I remember a famous quote “we are the creators of our destiny”. Yes!! Andhra Pradesh is bound to create history by boasting India’s best livable city in the country, and I am sure that day is not far.  It is a “tryst with destiny” which is bound to happen.

అదిగో అమరావతి శాతవాహనులు ఏలిన నగరి అపురూప శిల్పాలకు ప్రసిద్ది భౌధ శాంతి మంత్రం చాటిన భువని నవ్యాంధ్రకు రాజధాని మన అమరావతి

Disclaimer: This article represents the opinions of the Author, and should not be considered a reflection of the views of the Andhra Cultural Portal.

Happy Dasara (2015)

Dasara Subhakaankshalu and Happy Vijayadasami to all our readers here and followers on Twitter!

We hope you all enjoyed the last nine days of Navaratri and Bathukamma in all their culinary and floral glory respectively. From all of us at ACP, on this Tenth Day of Victory Happy Dasara!

Jai Bhavani and Jai Sri Rama. The first defeated Mahishasura today and the second defeated Ravana. May good triumph over evil…no matter how long it takes.

Personalities: Ganapati Deva


With “Rudhramadevi” Released, an interest in the great Kakatiya Samrajyam of the Telugus has been rekindled in large sections of the people. As the rulers of a united kingdom of Telangana, Rayalaseema, and Kosta (Coastal Andhra), they along with Warangal, remain symbols of our inherent cultural and linguistic unity–whatever regional variation there may be.

While we have previously discussed Rani Rudrama Devi and her illustrious grandson Prataparudra Deva, we have in fact saved her father, and the best of the dynasty, for last.

Maharaja Ganapati Deva (1199-1262 C.E.) is considered the greatest of all Kakatiya rulers.



The Kakatiyas Kings of Telangana remain the hallmark in the annals of Telugu history. Though consciousness as a distinct Andhra people existed from the days of the Andhra Satavahanas, it would be half a millennium before the Trilinga desa would be reunified under a native Telugu-speaking dynasty. While Prola II was the first Kakatiya subordinate to assert independence from his Chalukya suzerain, the first hints of greatness would be seen in King Rudra Deva. He would in turn be succeeded by King Mahadeva.

Raja Mahadeva’s son Prince Ganapati accompanied his father on the campaign to the Seuna Yadava kingdom of Maharashtra. When the King was killed outside the walls of Devagiri (later Daulatabad), the Prince was captured and held prisoner. The effect on the Kakatiya Kingdom  was chaos, as feudatories declared independence and the government became rudderless. However, the loyal general Racharla Rudra crushed the revolts and ruled as regent until Ganapati Deva was released in 1202.

He married Naramamba and Peramamba, daughters of his newly re-instated feudatory Pinachoda of Diviseema. Ganapati Deva later had two daughters, Ganapamba (the younger) and the famous Rudramba, who would later succeed him.


 In the course of his 60 year reign, Ganapati Deva presided over many achievements. Militarily, he stands as the most gifted Kakatiya commander, and the most talented in the Dakshinapatha of that era.

  • He was a skilled administrator who restored order in the Telugu Kingdom
  • Wisely balanced political interests of various castes and communities
  • Stabilised his empire through shrewd matrimonial alliances with subordinates such as Veerabhadra of Vengi and Betaraja of Dharanikota (Amaravati)
  • Ramappa, Pakhal, and Ghanapuram lakes were all built by him.
  • Famously issued his Abhaya Sasanam that reduced the duties on foreign merchants and guaranteed security to their ships. This move revitalized the trading port of Motupalli.
The great Kakatiya port of Motupalli

With respect to the military domain, he extended Kakatiya rule from Telangana to all of united Andhra Pradesh reaching as far as Chintamani in Karnataka’s Kolar District and Asika in Odisha’s Ganjam District.

Ganapati Deva re-asserted control over Velanadu and Diviseema. He reduced the Telugu Cholas of Konidena and the princes of Addanki to submission. His armies then defeated the Kalingas and annexed Vengi. Other localities in Odisha and Bastar are reputed to have come under his control due to the exploits of his lieutenants.

His greatest achievement was the conquest of Nellore (in 1228 CE) after the eponymous battle. In a spectacular victory over the combined forces of the Cholas, Seunas, & Karnatas, Ganapati Deva convincingly demonstrated Kakatiya power and restored the dynasty’s prestige—taking it to new heights.

He would win another victory there 20 years later. The great poet Tikkana Somayaji was sent from Nellore to Warangal to convince the Kakatiya king to restore Manumasiddi to his fiefdom. This mission was a success. Ganapati Deva’s forces then marched on Kanchi having won another victory at the Battle of Prayeru. Incidentally, Tikkana continued the Andhra Mahabharatamu (left unfinished by Nannaya), at the capital. This was then left for Yerrapragada (Errana) to complete.


While settlements in Warangal existed at least since the time of Rudra, Ganapati Deva is generally credited with expanding it as fortress capital and Rudramba for completing it. Indeed, the artistry of the city’s architecture shows a balance of the granite masculinity of the walls with the artistic sensibility of a woman. 77 Nayaks commanded 77 towers in defense of the capital of the Telugus. The main fort had 45 towers and was spread out over 19 kms. The great city of Orugallu would feature centrally in the heroic decades to come. It is for this reason that Warangal was known as “Andhra Maha nagara”, part of the ancient Andhra Desa & was its medieval capital.

From the loyal Racharla Rudra to Tikkabhupala of Nellore, to Chamunda, he was assisted by many able generals. His conquest of Nellore in particular stands as possibly his greatest accomplishment.

While he unluckily met his first, and only, military defeat to Sundara Pandya I in his final years as an aged king, his daughter Rudramba would eventually redeem him and restore Kakatiya prestige. Indeed, to have been undefeated for so long a reign, save this final war, is testament to Ganapati’s military abilities.

Administratively, a number of key actions took place during his reign, notably his abhaya sasanam. Niyogi Brahmins were also appointed as karnams (village accountants) in this period.

Artistically, Chalukya structures and motifs were apparent until Ganapati Deva, under whom a true Kakatiya style emerged. The standout markers of Kakatiya architecture are artistry of the pillars (stambha),large variety of designs, lustrous polish, and fine execution of detail.

Architecture of Warangal and the Kakatiyas in general followed traditional Silpa/Agama works such as Mayamata, Manasara, Vastu Vidya of Viswakarma, and Karanagama. Building materials were primarily granite, sandstone, and periodically limestone. The concept of Torana previously received great patronage among Buddhists, and it reached its zenith at Warangal with its keerthi-toranas (4 in number). The Ramappa Temple, constructed during his reign, is testament to his contribution outside the capital, and the Svayambhunatha Temple and Keerthi Torana (gateways) testament to architectural splendour within.

Finally, Ganapati Deva honoured the ancient tradition of Dharmic Kings and abdicated in a timely fashion in favour of a qualified successor. Though his formal rule ended in 1262, he would live on until 1269. While his daughter and great-grandson remain more famous today, the greatest ruler of the Kakatiya dynasty was in fact Rudrama’s father.

For 62 years, his brilliant reign ushered in an era of glory in the Trilinga desa. It is Maharaja Ganapati Deva who re-united the Andhras after half a millennium of division. As such, this great personality is remembered not only as the greatest of the Kakatiyas, but as:

The Unifier of the Telugus


  1. Rao, P.R. History and Culture of Andhra Pradesh. New Delhi. Sterling Publishers. 1994
  2. Prasad, Durga. History of the Andhras. Don Bosco Press: Guntur. 1988
  3. Kumari, M.Krishna. Social and Cultural Life in Medieval Andhra. Discovery: New Delhi. 1990